G-IQI : German Inpatient Quality Indicators. Version 5.0 – Band 1
Definitionshandbuch für das Datenjahr 2015
Publishing year: 2016
The German Inpatient Quality Indicators (G-IQI) have been developed for measuring outcome and volume indicators for specified diseases and/or procedures based on administrative data. In Germany the administrative billing data of the hospitals (the so called DRG-data) are electronically exchanged with the insurance companies and also once a year delivered to the federal office of statistics via standardized data interfaces (specifications according to § 21 KHEntgG and § 301 SGB V). G-IQI provide medically meaningful information about important and/or frequent diseases and procedures, which are treated or performed, respectively, in German hospitals. Wherever possible and medically sensible, information concerning outcome is provided besides volume indicators. In many cases this is the in-hospital mortality for the specific disease or procedure.
This volume presents the revised G-IQI version 5.0 together with the technical specifications based on the German coding systems for the data year 2015. As compared to the preceding version 4.2 various indicators have been modified or more precisely specified. Some more indicators have been added. However, the major innovation in this version is the introduction of grading indicators. For certain groups of disease (like diseases of the heart) these allow to assess hospital performance via three dimensions: Service range, Volume, and Outcome where available. The evaluation is based on a comparison of the indicators of a single hospital versus the national distribution of these indicators. Details of this method will be described in a subsequent publication.
The G-IQI indicators cover more than 44% of all in-patient cases in Germany. This is more than for other disease specific indicator systems. The in-hospital mortality indicators cover over 55% of all in-hospital deaths. Updated information for the coverage of the new version will be published later as the federal database for calculating the reference values is not yet available.
Indicator systems like G-IQI can be used for public reporting. In this way G-IQI is used by the ‘Initiative Qualitätsmedizin’, an association of currently 377 German and Swiss hospitals publishing their results based on these indicators. Furthermore the Swiss Bundesamt für Gesundheit uses a Swiss variant of these indicators (CH-IQI) for an obligatory public reporting for all Swiss hospitals.
Predominantly, however, G-IQI indicators are used within the internal quality management of the hospitals for further improving their outcome. Results which deviate from the federal average may and should be a reason for investigating the treatment processes of the respective disease, which may for example involve peer reviews of medical records. Using the indicators as a trigger tool it is possible to install an efficient and highly effective outcome oriented quality management within a hospital. The methods used for this purpose have been described in other publications.